|| Heritage Conservation Poster ||
What is an archaeological site?
- The remnants of human activity
- Places where people:
- Lived, worked & played
- Hunted animals
- Quarried minerals
- Harvested timbers
- Collected shellfish & berries
- Held ceremonies
- Buried their dead
- Over 32,000 sites have been recorded in BC so far; more than 50 in Tla'Amin Territory
Archaeological Sites are Heritage Sites!
- According to Provincial Law heritage sites are land that has historic cultural, aesthetic, scientific or educational value to BC, a community, or First Nations
- This includes archaeological sites, heritage wrecks, and historic buildings
| ©2012 SFU Archaeology &|
Tla'amin First Nation
Fish trap, Bella Coola, BC
Why protect sites?
- People have lived in BC for at least 12,000 years; they left no written records for 98% of this time
- Oral traditions and archaeology are great ways to understand how people lived in the past
- Sites are non-renewable resources; they cannot be remade or recreated. Once sites are destroyed we lose this precious link to the past... Forever!
Who protects sites?
- First Nations, local communities, the RCMP, and the Archaeology Branch
- The Archaeology Branch encourages and facilitates the protection, conservation, and public appreciation of BC’s archaeology
Desolation Sound pictograph
Underground Houses, Desolation Sound
How are sites protected?
- The Heritage Conservation Act designates and protects archaeological sites in BC dating before 1846, as well as post-1846 burial places and rock art having "historical or archaeological value". The Act applies to archaeological sites on both public and private land.
- The Act prohibits the alteration, destruction, and excavation of sites without a permit
- Penalties for violating the Act are up to $50,000 and/or two years in prison for individuals, and up to $1,000,000 for a corporation
| Heritage Conservation Poster |