Plants: Foods and Medicines
| Medicinal Plants Poster |


T’eneqw (Fruit), P’a7ajeh (Shoots), Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)

  • Berries usually eaten fresh
  • Shoots peeled and eaten fresh, occasionally steamed (often dipped in grease and/or eaten with dried salmon spawn)


Salmonberry Flower

Salmonberry Berry
T’thew’kw/Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)

  • Steamed or boiled and dried into cakes
  • Often mixed with other berries to make more palatable and eaten with grease


Elderberry
Xwosom/Soapberry (Shepherdia canadensis)

  • Dried into cakes
  • Made into ‘Indian ice-cream’ by whipping into a froth (sweetened with western hemlock cambium [sugar today])
  • Found on Savary Island; often traded for


Soapberry
SasXwalnach Nodding Onion (Allium cernuum)

  • Bulbs eaten raw or steamed


SasXwalnach Onion
Che7t’ay Devil’s Club (Oplopanax horridus)

  • Used for treating aches and pains, but also skin and blood disorders


Devils Club Berries

Devils Club
 ©2012 SFU Archaeology &
Tla'amin First Nation


| Medicinal Plants Poster |